Being physically active throughout the day is important for the growth and development of our children.
Studies have shown that engaging in PA has a direct correlation to improved physical wellbeing – healthy physical growth, better bone and heart health. It has also proven to bring about positive cognitive development as it trains a child’s decision making skills, taps onto his/her creative thinking and increase mental alertness. Proficiency in movement also help to build confidence and self-esteem.
The importance of Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS)
Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) are a set of motor skills that involve different body parts like feet, legs, trunk, hands and arms. They lay the crucial foundation for the development of all other complex movement and sports skills we use in our daily lives. As such, it is critical for children to acquire FMS in early childhood.
The 3 categories of FMS are:
In line with the developmental milestones of pre-schoolers, children in the 3 – 4 years old range will focus on balance and locomotor skills while children at 5 – 6 years old focus more on “advanced” locomotor and object control skills.
Perceptual Motor Skills
Perceptual Motor Skills (PMS) are essential movement-related skills that combine the use of senses (“perception”) and motor skills to interact with the environment.
With good PMS, children are able to gather and interpret sensory information, enabling them to develop and use FMS more effectively and efficiently.
Chan Zhen Wei